This Treasure is paired with: Women’s suffrage souvenirs (Rights)
These are original engrossments of the 1217 issue of the Great Charter, sent by the royal chancery to Oxfordshire. Henry III, who was ten years old and too young to put his own seal to it, reissued the 1215 charter of his father King John with the seals of his regent William Marshal and (present here) the papal legate Cardinal Guala. The Charter’s clauses on freedom and the rule of law are enshrined in English law and the American Constitution.
An introduction to Magna Carta by Dr Hugh Doherty, British Academy Post Doctoral Fellow in Medieval History, University of Oxford