Codex Mendoza

  • c. 1541
  • Manuscript

Sometimes the record of a culture is made by its conqueror. This manuscript was commissioned by Antonio de Mendoza, first Viceroy of Mexico 1535-1550, for presentation to the Emperor Charles V of Spain. It contains, firstly, a copy of a lost chronicle of the Aztec lords of Tenochtitlan; secondly, a copy of the ancient Tribute Roll, listing 400 towns paying annual dues to the last Aztec Emperor, Moctezuma II; and thirdly, an account of Aztec life ‘from year to year’. The pictographs, by an Aztec artist, were annotated in Spanish by a Nahuatl-speaking Spanish priest who questioned native speakers as to their meaning. Shown here is a depiction of an Aztec wedding.

 

Excerpt from the Codex Mendox (Nahuatl & English), read by Ana Lopez Garcia

Excerpt from the Codex Mendox (in Spanish), read by Ana Lopez Garcia

Excerpt from the Codex Mendox (in English), read by Ana Lopez Garcia

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This Treasure isn’t currently on display in the Weston Library.